Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered the islands of Istanbul

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Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered the islands of Istanbul

April 17 is the 107th (108th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 258.

Railways

  • April 17, 1869 A contract is signed with Baron Maurice de Hirsch, who was originally a Hungarian Jew, Brussels bankers for the construction of the Rumeli railways. A separate contract has been signed with Pavlin Talabat, acting on behalf of the Austrian Southern Railway Company (porthole), owned by the famous Rothdchild banker, to operate the line once construction is complete. On the same date, a contract was concluded between Baron Hirsh and Talabot.
  • April 17, 1925 The Ankara-Yahşihan line (86 km) is put into operation. In 1914, the construction of the Ministry of Defense began. The unfinished line started again on December 10, 1923 with the groundbreaking of President M. Kemal Pasha and completed the contractor Şevki Niyazi Dağdelence.

Olaylar

  • 1453 – Mehmet the Conqueror conquers the islands of Istanbul.
  • 1897 – The war between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Greece, also called the “Thirty Day War”, begins.
  • 1924 – General elections in Italy, kazanwas of the fascist party of Benito Mussolini.
  • 1925 – Ankara – Yahşihan railway line is put into operation.
  • 1928 – Ankara Palas Hotel is commissioned. The building, which began to be constructed in 1926 with the design of architect Vedat Bey (Tek), was completed with the design of architect Kemalettin Bey due to disagreements.
  • 1940 – The law on village institutes is accepted.
  • 1946 – Syria declares its independence while under French mandate. Independence Day has been declared a national holiday, called Eid-ul Jalaa (Iyd-ul Jala).
  • 1954 – The foundation of the Çanakkale monument was laid.
  • 1961 – Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, land in Cuba to overthrow Fidel Castro. The landing, known as Operation Bay of Pigs, resulted in victory for Fidel Castro.
  • 1969 – Czechoslovak Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek resigns after Soviet military intervention. He was replaced by Gustav Husak.
  • 1972 – In the United States, the illegal wiretapping activities of the Nixon administration during the 1972 election are exposed. Three consultants and a prosecutor, involved in the incident known as Watergate, have resigned.
  • 1974 – Madaralı Novel Prize”Murder at the Blacksmith’s BazaarHe received Yaşar Kemal for his work”.
  • 1982 – The Canadian Constitution is adopted.
  • 1982 – General President Kenan Evren spoke to Balıkesir: “…’The only way is revolution!’ Of course, we could not re-authorize those who made Marxist-Leninist propaganda. Because this is not the revolution that Atatürk set up, “revolutionism” as it is now called.
  • 1993 – Turkey’s 8th President Turgut Özal dies of heart failure. A five-day mourning has been declared across the country for the death of Turgut Özal, the second president after Atatürk, who died in the line of duty. Flags were lowered in dormitories and representative offices, games were canceled and radio and television program feeds were altered.
  • 1999 – The official opening of the Baku – Supsa pipeline was made.
  • 2005 – The Bülent Dikmener News Prize was awarded to Uğur Dündar and Sadi Özdemir.
  • 2005 – Presidential elections held in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), Mehmet Ali Talat kazanwas.

births

  • 1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (died 1671)
  • 1868 – Mark Lambert Bristol, American soldier (died 1939)
  • 1890 – Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, Turkish novelist and short story writer (died 1973)
  • 1894 – Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet statesman and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (died 1971)
  • 1903 – Ayşe Saffet Alpar, Turkish chemist and Turkey’s first female rector (died 1981)
  • 1916 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan politician and world’s first female Prime Minister (died 2000)
  • 1918 – William Holden, American actor (died 1981)
  • 1924 – İsmet Giritli, Turkish law professor and writer (one of the scientists who prepared the 1961 Constitution) (died 2007)
  • 1929 – James Last, German composer (died 2015)
  • 1929 – Odete Lara, Brazilian actress (died 2015)
  • 1937 – Tugay Toksöz, Turkish film actor (died 1988)
  • 1942 – David Bradley, English actor
  • 1959 – Sean Bean, English actor
  • 1963 – Özer Kızıltan, Turkish director
  • 1964 – Maynard James Keenan, American musician (member of Tool, A Perfect Circle and Puscifer)
  • 1965 – William Mapother, American actor
  • 1970 – Erkan Sarıyıldız, Turkish writer and doctor
  • 1972 – Jennifer Garner, American actress
  • 1974 – Mikael Åkerfeldt, Swedish guitarist and singer of Opeth
  • 1974 – Victoria Beckham, British socio-elite, fashion designer, model and singer
  • 1977 – Frederik Magle, Danish composer and pianist
  • 1980 – Caner Cindoruk, Turkish theater, film and TV series actor
  • 1981 – Umut Kurt, Turkish actor
  • 1985 – Rooney Mara, American actress
  • 1993 – Adil Adilzade, Azerbaijani soldier (died 2016)

Armed

  • 485 – Proclus, Greek philosopher (born in 412)
  • 744-II. Walid or Walid bin Yazid is the eleventh Umayyad Caliph (born in 740)
  • 858-III. Benedict was Bishop of Rome and Sovereign of the Papal State from September 29, 855 until his death
  • 1696 – Madame de Sévigné, French aristocrat (born in 1626)
  • 1711 – Joseph I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (b. 1678)
  • 1764 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (b. 1681)
  • 1764 – Pompadour, French Marquise (b. 1721)
  • 1790 – Benjamin Franklin, American scientist and politician (b. 1706)
  • 1825 – Johann Heinrich Füssli, Swiss painter (born in 1741)
  • 1919 – J. Cleveland Cady, American architect (b. 1837)
  • 1936 – Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck, Dutch nobleman (b. 1873)
  • 1941 – Al Bowlly, Mozambican-born English singer, jazz guitarist and composer (b. 1898)
  • 1946 – Juan Bautista Sacasa, Nicaraguan physician and politician (President of Nicaragua 1932-36) (b. 1874)
  • 1949 – Marius Berliet, French automobile manufacturer (born in 1866)
  • 1960 – Eddie Cochran, American rock and roll musician (born 1938)
  • 1967 – Ali Fuat Başgil, Turkish scholar (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish scientist (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Hamit Fendoğlu, Turkish politician and Mayor of Malatya (b. 1919)
  • 1981 – Şekip Ayhan Özışık, Turkish composer (born in 1932)
  • 1990 – Ralph Abernathy, American priest and leader of the American civil rights movement (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Turgut Özal, Turkish bureaucrat, politician and 8th President of the Republic of Turkey (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neuropsychologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – François-Régis Bastide, French politician, literary scholar and diplomat (born 1926)
  • 1997 – Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Paul Getty, American-born British businessman and art collector (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Fana Koçovska, Macedonian resistance fighter, Yugoslav partisan and National Hero of the Order of the People’s Hero (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Eralp Özgen, Turkish lawyer and former President of the Union of Turkish Bars (born 1936)
  • 2009 – Şirin Cemgil, Turkish lawyer and one of the pioneers of the youth movement of the 1968 generation (born in 1945)
  • 2010 – Ali Elverdi, Turkish soldier and politician (born in 1924)
  • 2010 – Alexandru “Sandu” Neagu, former Romanian international footballer (born in 1948)
  • 2011 – Osamu Dezaki, Japanese director and screenwriter (born in 1943)
  • 2011 – Michael Sarrazin, Canadian (Quebec) film and television actor (born 1940)
  • 2011 – Nikos Papazoğlu, Greek singer, songwriter, musician and record producer (born 1948)
  • 2013 – Deanna Durbin, Canadian actress (born in 1921)
  • 2014 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian journalist, author and Nobel laureate (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Doris Roberts, American actress (born in 1925)
  • 2017 – Matthew Tapunuu “Matt” Anoaʻi, Samoan-American professional wrestler (born 1970)
  • 2018 – Barbara Bush, 41st President of the United States, wife of George H. W. Bush (b. 1925)
  • 2018 – Amoroso Katamsi, Indonesian singer, actress and artist (born in 1938)
  • 2018 – Cemal Safi, Turkish poet (born in 1938)
  • 2019 – Peter Cartwright, New Zealand lawyer (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Kazuo Koike, Japanese comics author, novelist and educator (born in 1936)
  • 2019 – Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez, former President of Peru (born 1949)
  • 2020 – Bennie G. Adkins, former US Army Private (born 1934)
  • 2020 – Jean-François Bazin, French politician, journalist and writer (born in 1942)
  • 2020 – Norman Hunter, former England international footballer (born 1943)
  • 2020 – Orhan Koloğlu, Turkish historian and writer (born in 1929)
  • 2020 – Abba Kyari, Nigerian businessman, lawyer and civil servant (born 1952)
  • 2020 – Giuseppi Logan, American jazz musician (born in 1935)
  • 2020 – Iris Cornelia Love, American Classical Archaeologist (b. 1933)
  • 2020 – Lukman Niode, Indonesian swimmer (born in 1963)
  • 2020 – Arlene Saunders, American spinto soprano opera singer (born 1930)
  • 2020 – Matthew Seligman, English bassist (born 1955)
  • 2020 – Gene Shay, American radio host (born 1935)
  • 2020 – Jesús Vaquero Crespo, Spanish neurosurgeon, professor (born in 1950)
  • 2021 – Hisham Bastawisy, Egyptian judge and politician (born in 1951)
  • 2021 – Fereydoun Ghanbari, Iranian professional wrestler (born 1977)
  • 2021 – Kabori Sarwar, Bangladeshi actress, politician and social worker (born 1950)

Holidays and special occasions

  • world hemophilia day
  • Village Institutes Day

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