The Turkish Grand National Assembly conferred on Mustafa Kemal Pasha the rank of Marshal and the title of Veteran

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Mustafa Kemal Pasa

September 19 is the 262nd (263rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 103.

Railways

  • September 19, 1922 The UÅŸak and Ahmetler stations are repaired and put into service.
  • September 19, 1923 With a law passed, it was agreed to transfer the Aydın Railway, the Izmir-Town Line and its extensions and the concessions of the Åžark Railway and Izmir Port to the Mudanya- line. Bursa to the old concessionary companies. The decree of 16.V1II.1916 for the purchase of these places was rejected.

Olaylar

  • 1575 – Sultan III. The Istanbul Observatory, which was established under the leadership of Chief Magistrate Takiyüddin Efendi, was opened. The observatory was demolished by the Åžeyhülislam of the time in 1580. Researchers believe that the observatory was established around the Galatasaray high school.
  • 1893 – The colony of New Zealand becomes the first nation to grant women the right to vote. The pioneer of this breakthrough was Kate Sheppard, who started the “Women’s Movement” in 1866.
  • 1921 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave Mustafa Kemal Pasha the title of “Marshal” and the title of “Gazi”.
  • 1935 – In Germany, Jews are prohibited from working in the public sector.
  • 1941 – II. During World War II, German forces occupied Kiev.
  • 1944 – Finland and the Soviet Union sign an armistice.
  • 1951 – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) asks Turkey and Greece to join the organization.
  • 1955 – Argentine President Juan Peron is overthrown in a military coup and exiled to Paraguay.
  • 1976 – THY Istanbul-Antalya flight “Antalya”, which made its flight number 452, crashed in the Taurus Mountains near Isparta due to a “descent error”: 8 people, including 154 staff members, are deceased.
  • 1979 – A major work stoppage was organized by TMMOB at 54 workplaces in 736 provinces with the participation of over 100,000 engineers and architects.
  • 1982 – Social Democrats win elections in Sweden; Olof Palme becomes Prime Minister.
  • 1985 – In the 8.1 magnitude earthquake in Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, between 10,000 and 40,000 people lost their lives.
  • 1987 – At the 10th Mediterranean Games, the Turkish national freestyle wrestling team became the team champion with 6 gold and 1 silver.
  • 1994 – A scandal called “Civangate” took place after the shooting of Engin Civan, managing director of the Emlak bank.
  • 2002 – 5 people died in a suicide bombing attack on a bus in Tel Aviv. After the attack, Israeli tanks returned to the headquarters of Palestinian President Yasser Arafat in Ramallah.

births

  • 86 – Antoninus le Pieux, Roman emperor (died in 161)
  • 866 – Alexandros, Byzantine emperor (died 913)
  • 866 – VI. Leon, Byzantine emperor (died 912)
  • 1551 – III. Henri, king of France (d. 1589)
  • 1560 – Thomas Cavendish, English pirate and explorer (died 1592)
  • 1802 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian politician (died 1894)
  • 1867 – Arthur Rackham, English book painter (died 1939)
  • 1898 – Giuseppe Saragat, Italian socialist politician (died 1988)
  • 1907 – Lewis F. Powell Jr. was an American lawyer and jurist (died 1998)
  • 1908 – Robert Lecourt, French politician and lawyer (died 2004)
  • 1908 – Mika Waltari, Finnish writer (died 1979)
  • 1909 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian car manufacturer (died 1998)
  • 1911 – William Golding, English writer and Nobel Prize winner (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Frances Farmer, American actress (died 1970)
  • 1921 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator (died 1997)
  • 1921 – Conway Berners-Lee, English mathematician and computer engineer (d. 2019)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Hanzade Sultan, member of the Ottoman dynasty (grandson of Ottoman Sultan Vahdettin and Caliph Abdülmecit Efendi) (died 1988)
  • 1926 – Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (d. 2020)
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American author, composer, actor and television host (died in 2020)
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1928 – Adam West, American actor (died in 2017)
  • 1930 – Muhal Richard Abrams, American jazz clarinetist, conductor, composer and pianist (died 2017)
  • 1932 – Mike Royko, American journalist (died 1997)
  • 1933 – Behiye Aksoy, Turkish singer (died 2015)
  • 1933 – Gilles Archambault, Canadian novelist
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American discus thrower (died 2007)
  • 1941 Cass Elliot, American singer (died 1974)
  • 1941 – Mariangela Melato, Italian actress (died 2013)
  • 1944 – Ä°smet zel; Turkish poet, writer and thinker
  • 1947 – Tanith Lee, English comic, science fiction and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor and Oscar winner for best actor
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American musician, producer, composer, arranger and guitarist
  • 1963 – Jarvis Cocker, English musician and presenter
  • 1963 – David Seaman, former England national goalkeeper
  • 1965 – Şükriye Tutkun, Turkish folk music artist
  • 1967 – Alexander Karelin, retired Russian Greco-Roman wrestler
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Greek Cypriot songwriter and singer.
  • 1970 – Antoine Hey, German footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Sanaa Lathan is an American actress.
  • 1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American actor and musician
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, an American actress
  • 1977 – Tommaso Rocchi, Italian national football player
  • 1978 – Mehmet Perinçek, Turkish writer and research assistant
  • 1980 – AyÅŸe Tezel, Turkish-British actress
  • 1982 – Eduardo Carvalho, Portuguese football player
  • 1984 – Ali Ersan Duru, Turkish actor
  • 1984 – Eva Marie, American actress, fitness model and professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Ángel Reyna is a Mexican footballer.
  • 1985 – Song Joong-ki, South Korean actress
  • 1986 – Sally Pearson, Australian athlete
  • 1989 – Tyreke Evans, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Josuha Guilavogui, French footballer
  • 1990 – Kieran Trippier, English international footballer
  • 1991 – Waris Majeed, Ghanaian football player
  • 1992 – Diego Antonio Reyes, Mexican national football player
  • 1993 – Tatsuki Nara, Japanese football player
  • 1994 – Luka Krajnc, Slovenian national football player

Armed

  • 961 – Hélène Lekapene, VII. The wife of Constantine, daughter of Romanos I and Theodora (b. 910)
  • 1339 – Go-Daigo, 96th Emperor of Japan in traditional order of succession (born 1288)
  • 1710 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (born 1644)
  • 1761 – Peter Van Musschenbroek, Dutch scientist (born 1692)
  • 1812 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Jewish entrepreneur, businessman and founder of the Rothschild dynasty (born 1744)
  • 1843 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist (born in 1792)
  • 1881 – James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (born 1831)
  • 1902 – Masaoka Shiki, Japanese poet, writer and literary critic (born 1867)
  • 1952 – CH Douglas, English engineer (born 1879)
  • 1960 – Zakar Tarver, Armenian-Turkish politician and radiologist (imprisoned in Yassıada) d. 1893)
  • 1968 – Chester Carlson, American physicist and inventor (born 1906)
  • 1985 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (born in 1923)
  • 1985 – Sabri Altınel, Turkish poet (born in 1925)
  • 1987 – Einar Gerhardsen, Norwegian politician (born 1897)
  • 1989 – Franz Fischer, German soldier and SS officer (born 1901)
  • 2002 – Robert Guéï, Ivorian soldier and politician (born in 1941)
  • 2003 – Dursun Akçam, Turkish storyteller and novelist (born in 1930)
  • 2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, photojournalist (born 1933)
  • 2011 – George Cadle Price, Belizean politician (born 1919)
  • 2011 – Taylan Taylanci, Turkish basketball player (born 1983)
  • 2013 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman (born 1927)
  • 2013 – Saye Zerbo, soldier and politician from Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) (born in 1932)
  • 2015
  • Jackie Collins, English novelist (born 1937)
  • Marcin Wrona, Polish screenwriter and director (born 1973)
  • 2016 – Fehmi SağınoÄŸlu, Turkish national football player and coach (born 1937)
  • 2017 – Bernie Casey, American actor, poet and former American football player (born 1939)
  • 2017 – Leonid Kharitonov, Russian Soviet bass-baritone opera singer (born 1933)
  • 2017 – Jake LaMotta, retired American professional boxer, comedian and actor (born 1921)
  • 2017 – José Salcedo, Spanish editor (born in 1949)
  • 2017 – David Shepherd, English artist and painter (born 1931)
  • 2018 – Jon Burge is a former US Police Chief (born 1947)
  • 2018 – Kondapalli Koteswaramma, Indian communist revolutionary politician, leader, feminist and writer (born 1918)
  • 2018 – GyÅ‘zÅ‘ Kulcsár, Hungarian fencer (born 1940)
  • 2018 – Marilyn Lloyd, American businessman and politician (born in 1929)
  • 2018 – Ferdi Merter, Turkish theater, film actor, writer and director (born in 1939)
  • 2018 – Arthur Mitchell, American dancer and choreographer (born 1934)
  • 2018 – Denis Norden, English comedian and television presenter (born 1922)
  • 2018 – Kamil Ratip, Egyptian actor (born 1926)
  • 2019 – Zeynel Abidin Ben Ali, Tunisian politician (born in 1936)
  • 2019 – Irina Bogacheva, Soviet-Russian opera singer and scholar (born 1939)
  • 2019 – Charles Gérard, French actor, screenwriter and director (born in 1922)
  • 2019 – Sandie Jones, Irish singer (born 1951)
  • 2020 – David Somerville Cook, lawyer and politician of British origin (born 1944)
  • 2020 – Lee Kerslake, English musician and songwriter (born 1947)
  • 2020 – John Turner, Canadian lawyer and politician (born 1929)

Holidays and special occasions


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