Today in History: Alkatraz Prison Closed

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Alkatraz prison is closed

March 21 is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 285.

Railways

  • March 21, 1925 The Station Hotel was opened in the flywheel building of Ankara Railway Station. Restaurant on the ground floor upstairs 7 bedrooms. 6 lira per night. Atatürk, İsmet Pasha and their relatives stayed in the building, which is now a museum.

Olaylar

  • 1590 – The Treaty of Ferhat Pasha is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire.
  • 1779 – The Treaty of Aynalıkavak is signed between the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
  • 1788 – The city of New Orleans, Louisiana, USA is completely burned down in a fire.
  • 1851 – Emperor Tu Duc of Vietnam orders all Christian priests to be killed.
  • 1857 – In the earthquake that struck Tokyo, more than 100,000 people died.
  • 1871 – Otto von Bismarck assumes the title of prince.
  • 1914 – The newspaper titled “Woman’s”, of which Nigar Hanım was the editor, began to be published weekly.
  • 1918 – The liberation of Tortum from enemy occupation.
  • 1919 – The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established.
  • 1921 – The activities of the Military Police Organization came to an end.
  • 1928 – Charles Lindbergh receives the Medal of Honor for making the first transatlantic flight.
  • 1935 – Shah Reza Pahlavi, addressing the international community; He wanted his country to be called Iran, which means “land of the Aryans”, not “Persia”.
  • 1937 – Dersim rebellion started in Tunceli.
  • 1938 – Noel Cobb, American-born English philosopher, psychiatrist and author (died 2015)
  • 1941 – Ankara Radio started broadcasting again in Greek.
  • 1952 – The 950 gross tonnage freighter Galatasaray sinks off Kefken in the Black Sea, no survivors of the crew of 15.
  • 1960 – Apartheid; Sharpeville Massacre: In South Africa, police opened fire on a group of unarmed black protesters; 69 blacks were killed and 180 wounded.
  • 1963 – Alkatraz prison is closed.
  • 1964 – Baker Music Award, Turkish pianist İdil Biret kazanwas.
  • 1965 – Ranger 9 is launched to probe the Moon.
  • 1965 – Martin Luther King, with a group of 3,200, departs from Selma, Alabama, to Montgomery, Alabama on a march for human rights.
  • 1978 – White rule ends in Rhodesia, three black ministers take office.
  • 1978 – Establishment of Ankara Belediyespor.
  • 1979 – High Court of Athens with its decision, the intervention of Turkey in Cyprus, the Treaty of Zurich IV. confirmed that it is legal according to the article.
  • 1980 – Jimmy Carter announces that the United States is protesting the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and will not participate in the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.
  • 1980 – The process leading to the September 12, 1980 coup in Turkey (1979 – September 12, 1980): 8 people are killed across the country.
  • 1990 – Beginning of multi-party politics in Mongolia.
  • 1990 – Namibia declares independence from South Africa.
  • 1991 – Vedat Dalokay, one of the former mayors of Ankara, architect and writer, and his wife die in a traffic accident.
  • 1991 – Events erupt in many cities and towns during Nevruz celebrations.
  • 1992 – 38 people died in events that erupted during Nevruz celebrations in Van, Şırnak, Cizre and Adana.
  • 1993 – Nowruz celebrations passed without incident.
  • 1993 – President Turgut Özal and Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel also attended the Turkish Congress celebrations held in Antalya.
  • 2008 – İlhan Selçuk, Doğu Perinçek and Kemal Alemdaroğlu were arrested on charges from Ergenekon Gang.
  • 2009 – TRT Avaz goes on the air.

births

  • 1226 – Carlo I, King of France VIII. Youngest son of Louis (d. 1285)
  • 1522 – Mihrimah Sultan, Ottoman Sultan (died 1578)
  • 1626 – Pedro de Betancur, Christian saint and missionary (died 1667)
  • 1685 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (died 1750)
  • 1752 – Mary Dixon Kies, American inventor (died 1837)
  • 1768 – Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1830)
  • 1806 – Benito Juárez, Mexican lawyer and politician (died 1872)
  • 1837 – Theodore Gill, American ichthyologist, mammologist and librarian (died 1914)
  • 1839 – Modest Musorgski, Russian composer (died 1881)
  • 1854 – Léo Taxil, French journalist and author (died 1907)
  • 1866 – Wakatsuki Reijirō, 15th Prime Minister of Japan (died 1949)
  • 1867 – İsmail Safa, Turkish poet and writer (died 1901)
  • 1870 – Cenap Şahabettin, Turkish poet and writer (Poet of Servet-i Fünûn period) (died 1934)
  • 1873 – Esma Sultan, daughter of Abdulaziz (died 1899)
  • 1881 – Henri Grégoire, Belgian historian (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – George David Birkhoff, American mathematician (died 1944)
  • 1887 – Lajos Kassák, Hungarian poet, painter and novelist (died 1967)
  • 1887 – Manabendra Nath Roy, Indian revolutionary, theorist and activist (died 1954)
  • 1889 Bernard Freyberg, British general (died 1963)
  • 1893 – Walter Schreiber, German Schutzstaffel officer (died 1970)
  • 1896 – Friedrich Waismann, Austrian philosopher, mathematician and linguist (died 1959)
  • 1904 – Nikos Skalkottas, Greek composer (died 1949)
  • 1905 – Nusret Suman, Turkish sculptor and painter (died 1978)
  • 1906 – Emin Türk Elinç, Turkish professor and writer (died 1966)
  • 1906 – Samed Vurgun, Azerbaijani poet (died 1956)
  • 1907 – Zoltan Kemeny, Swiss sculptor (died 1965)
  • 1915 – Cahit Irgat, Turkish film and theater actor (died 1971)
  • 1923 – Abbas Sayar, Turkish novelist (died 1999)
  • 1925 – Beatriz Aguirre, Mexican actress and voice actress (died 2019)
  • 1925 – Peter Brook, English actor and director
  • 1927 – Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician (died 2016)
  • 1929 – Gallieno Ferri, Italian cartoonist and comic illustrator (died 2016)
  • 1931 – William Shatner, Canadian filmmaker, director and actor
  • 1932 – Walter Gilbert, American physicist, biologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1934 – Buta Singh, Indian politician (died 2021)
  • 1935 – Brian Clough, English football player (died 2004)
  • 1938 – Luigi Tenco, Italian musician (died 1967)
  • 1938 – Noel Cobb, British-American philosopher, psychiatrist and author (died 2015)
  • 1942 – Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemeni soldier, politician and President of the Republic of Yemen (died 2017)
  • 1942 – Fradique de Menezes, politician and president of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • 1942 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (sister of Catherine Deneuve) (died in 1967)
  • 1946 – Timothy Dalton, English actor
  • 1949 – Muammer Güler, Turkish bureaucrat and politician
  • 1949 – Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian philosopher
  • 1955 – Philippe Troussier (Omar Tourssier), French football coach
  • 1958 – Gary Oldman, English actor, director and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor
  • 1959 – Murat Ülker, Turkish industrialist and businessman
  • 1960 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian Formula One driver (died 1994)
  • 1961 – Lothar Matthaus, German footballer
  • 1962 – Matthew Broderick, American actor
  • 1963 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch footballer
  • 1963 – Yekta Saraç, Turkish academician
  • 1968 Dalian Atkinson, English footballer (died 2016)
  • 1968 – Jaye Davidson, American film actress
  • 1968 – Tolunay Kafkas, Turkish footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Ali Dayi, Iranian footballer and coach
  • 1972 – Derartu Tulu, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1973 – Hozan Bashir, Kurdish artist
  • 1976 – Bedirhan Gökçe, Turkish poet
  • 1980 – Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian athlete
  • 1980 – Ronaldinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Maria Elena Camerin, Italian tennis player
  • 1986 – Bahar Saygılı, Turkish triathlete
  • 1987 – İrem Derici, Turkish singer
  • 1991 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer
  • 1997 – Martina Stoessel, Argentine actress, singer and dancer

Armed

  • 642 – Cyrus of Alexandria, Patriarch Melkani of Alexandria (born?)
  • 1237 – Jean de Brienne, French aristocrat who ruled the Latin Empire (b. 1170)
  • 1617 – Pocahontas, Algonquin Indian (b. 1596)
  • 1653 – Tarhuncu Sarı Ahmed Pasha, Ottoman statesman (born?)
  • 1729 – John Law, Scottish economist and author (b. 1671)
  • 1762 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (born in 1713)
  • 1795 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)
  • 1801 – Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (born in 1741)
  • 1805 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter (born in 1725)
  • 1843 – Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican politician, soldier, and lawyer (b. 1786)
  • 1864 – Luke Howard, English chemist and meteorologist (b. 1772)
  • 1892 – Annibale de Gasparis, Italian astronomer (born in 1819)
  • 1892 – Anthon van Rappard, Dutch painter (born in 1858)
  • 1892 – Ferdinand Barbedienne, French sculptor, engineer and entrepreneur (born in 1810)
  • 1896 – William Quan Judge, American Theosophist (b. 1851)
  • 1910 – Nadar, French photographer (born in 1820)
  • 1914 – Franz Fredrik Wathén, Finnish speed skater (born 1878)
  • 1915 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American engineer (b. 1856)
  • 1936 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Ali Hikmet Ayerdem, Turkish soldier (b. 1877)
  • 1942 – Hüseyin Suat Yalçın, Turkish poet and playwright (born in 1867)
  • 1956 – Satı Çırpan, Turkish politician and one of the first female MPs (born in 1890)
  • 1958 – Ferdi Tayfur, Turkish dubbing artist (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Turkish folk poet Aşık Veysel (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Lore Alford Rogers, American bacteriologist and dairy scientist (b. 1875)
  • 1985 – Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor (father of Vanessa Redgrave) (born 1908)
  • 1987 – Robert Preston, American actor (born in 1918)
  • 1991 – Vedat Dalokay Turkish architect and politician (born in 1927)
  • 1992 – John Ireland, Canadian actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Galina Ulanova, Russian ballerina (born in 1910)
  • 2001 – Chung Ju-yung or Jung Joo-young was a South Korean entrepreneur, businessman and founder of all South Korea Hyundai Groups (born 1915)
  • 2004 – Ludmilla Tcherina, French ballerina and actress (born in 1924)
  • 2008 – Shusha Guppy, Iranian writer, editor, singer (born 1935)
  • 2013 – Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Pedro Aguayo Ramírez, Mexican professional wrestler (born 1979)
  • 2015 – Faith Susan Alberta Watson, Canadian television and film actress. (born in 1955)
  • 2017 – Tayfun Talipoğlu, Turkish journalist (born in 1962)
  • 2017 – Norman Colin Dexter, English novelist (born 1930)
  • 2017 – Henri Emmanuelli, French politician (born in 1945)
  • 2018 – Deniz Bölükbaşı, Turkish diplomat and politician (born 1949)
  • 2018 – Anna-Lisa, American actress (born in 1930)
  • 2020 – Levent Ünsal, Turkish actor, presenter and voice actor (born in 1965)
  • 2021 – Nawal es-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer, activist and psychiatrist (b. 1931)

Holidays and special occasions

  • world day of computer engineers
  • World Down Syndrome Day
  • world day against racial discrimination
  • world puppet day
  • world forest day
  • world color day
  • world poetry day
  • world sleep day
  • Nevruz Festival
  • Storm: 1st Üçdoklar
  • Withdrawal of Russian and Armenian troops from Tortum district in Erzurum (1918)

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