Especially when the October wind
With icy fingers punishes my hair,
Caught by the crab sun, I walk on fire
And cast a shadow crab on the earth,
from Especially When the October Wind by Dylan Thomas
October was originally the eighth month of the Roman calendar. It comes from the Latin word “octo” meaning eight (think octopus). Later it became the 10th month January and February were added to the calendar. The
The Saxons called the month Wintirfyllith because it had the first full moon of the winter season.
The first Roman calendar followed a thirty-day lunar cycle and an eight-day market week. The first month was March, followed by April, May and June. Mars is named after Mars, the god of war. Avril comes from the word aper, a boar. Mai refers to the word sow, and June is named after the queen of the gods, Juno. Around 738 BCE (BCE), Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, added six months to the calendar. He added an extra day to March, May, July, and October to maintain the eight-day market week – 304 days. In 700 BCE, Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, added January with 29 days and February with 28 days, and subtracted one day from the thirty-day months, for a year of 355 days, almost coinciding with twelve moon, one day. lunar year.
The month of Mercedonius has been added every two years to align the lunar year and the solar year. January is named after Janus, the Roman god Janus, and became the first month of the official year in 153 BCE. February takes its name from Februa, a religious festival of purification. When Julius Caesar returned to Rome from Egypt in 46 BCE, the timing did not match the sun’s course of nearly two months. He extended 46 AEC to 445 days and introduced a 365.25-day solar calendar on January 1, 45 BCE. He made other changes to the lengths and names of the months. The Julian calendar is basically the same as the one we use today.
Improved technology has shown that the solar year is 365.242199 days, a bit slower than the Julian calendar. The Julian calendar adds an additional day every 128 years. Leap years, leap minutes and leap seconds are added or subtracted as needed. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII made further changes by papal bull, giving what we have today.
October is the month to observe Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), blindness, healthy lungs, spina bifida, lupus, Healthy Child Day and breast cancer. Holidays include Yom Kippur, National Book Fair Month, Country Music Month, Pizza Month, National Dessert Month, Columbus Day, National Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 to October 15), Italian-American Heritage Month, Polish American Heritage Month, and my favorite, Halloween.
Halloween begins the pearl necklace, with the holidays ending the old year and bringing the new one. We started looking at our collection of spooky DVDs. They allow us, for a short time each, to forget the real horrors of the world, and the indifference that some show towards them: The Big Lie, the threat to the rights of women, the threat to the right to vote, misinformation on social media, the reality of climate change, the 6th, Holocene or anthropogenic extinction where 11 birds, eight freshwater mussels, two fish, a bat and a plant were recently listed as extinct. Then there is the continuous flow of facts about the previous president telling Vlad Putin that what DonnyT would tell the press about Russia was just a facade, and that there was pre-planning for January 6th.
October is a good month. Enjoy it.
Ed Fisher writes a weekly column for the Morning Sun.